The reasons for the appearance of strong geysers on Enceladus are explained

Enceladus, © NASA/ JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

During the 48th Conference on Lunar and Planetary Sciences, American scientists talked about what could cause the formation of powerful geysers in the southern part of Saturn’s moon Enceladus.

As the researchers noted, the reason for the formation of these phenomena was the collision of a large cosmic body with the ice surface of the satellite. At the same time, the impact was so strong that it broke through the 20-kilometer layer of ice covering the satellite and caused an exit to the surface of the water. As scientists noted, the collision did not necessarily have to occur in this area, but over time this place moved precisely to the southern polar part of Enceladus.

Saturn’s moon Enceladus, despite its compact size (500 kilometers in diameter), has a deep subglacial ocean. At the same time, the water in this ocean, according to scientists, may be suitable for the origin and maintenance of life. Thus, Enceladus, along with neighboring Jupiter’s moon Europa, is currently considered the most likely location of extraterrestrial life in the solar system.

Now Enceladus and other satellites of Saturn are being studied by the interplanetary automatic station Cassini, which is approaching the final stage of its mission and may soon be flooded in the atmosphere of the second largest planet in our system.


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